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2020年学位英语《词汇与语法》专项复习指导(4)

点击数:17242019/6/21 10:52:17 来源: 广东专插本辅导网

Dale: ______ Would you please tell me the time?
Laura: It's ten past nine.
A. I am sorry.
B. I beg your pardon.
C. Excuse me.
D. Hello, how do you do?
[答案]C
【精析】选项C(对不起,打扰了)是在请求别人帮忙或打扰别人时使用。选项A用于不小心伤害到别人时;选项B用于请求别人原谅或没听清楚对方所说的话时;选项D用于初次见面或不熟悉的人之间见面时。
Eve: ______
Ivy: I am fine, thank you. And you?
A. How do you do?
B. How are you?
C. Are you well again?
D. What about your health?
[答案]B
【精析】选项A用于初次见面或不熟悉的人之间见面时的问候,而选项C和D在英语中不符合表达习惯,只有选项B用于平时的问候。
Thomas: ______
Ronald: I'm going to do a bit of research work. What about you?
A. What is your plan for this weekend?
B. How are you getting on with your research work?
C. Will you make a plan for this weekend?
D. Will you have a good time this weekend?
[答案]A
【精析】排除选项C、D(一般疑问句);选项A是常见的询问别人计划的表达(你周末准备干什么?),与答句相符。选项B(你的论文怎么样了?)不符合题意。
Maria: Do you think you will get a pay rise next year?
Leo: ______
A. I hope so.
B. I'm afraid so.
C. I believe not so.
D. I hope not so.
[答案]A
【精析】"Do you think you will get a pay rise next year?"的意思是:“你认为明年你会加工资吗?”选项A意为“我希望这样”,符合题意。选项B“恐怕是这样的”,选项C“我深信不会这样”,选项D“我希望不是这样”都不符合表达习惯及语境。
Mario: Your beloved teacher has arrived here, Nina.
Nina: I______ she ______ until tomorrow.
A. think; isn't coming
B. thought; wasn't coming
C. didn't think; was coming
D. didn't think; is coming
[答案]B
【精析】"Your beloved teacher has arrived here, Nina."的意思是:“你喜欢的老师已经到这里了,尼娜。”选项B意为“我原以为她明天才到”,此时必须用过去式"thought",而不是"think"。
Nora: How long has this bookshop been in business?
Michel: ______1982.
A. After
B. In
C. From
D. Since
[答案]D
【精析】"How long has this bookshop been in business?"意思是:“这个书店开了多久?”只有since+某时间点可以做完成时态的时间状语,故选项D符合题意。选项A(在……之后),选项B(在……里面)以及选项C(从哪里来)都与题意不符。

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