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Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions: There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end—with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus win-dow. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste. "" Drink Root Beer. " "Fill up with Pacific Gas." Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now.! "
The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you've traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed--new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. (76) The bus driver has a style of driving and it's fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. If the driver is particularly reckless or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story.
Will the driver pass the truck in time? Will the driver move into the right or the left-hand lane? Af-ter a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But you've got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.
The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there's a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat, of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. (77)By now you've sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the right time. There are just no more ways to sit.
1. According to the passage, what do the passengers usually see when they are on a long bus trip?
A. Buses on the road.
B. Films on television.
C. Advertisements on the board.
D. Gas stations.
2. What is the purpose of this passage?
A. To give the writer's opinion about long bus trips.
B. To persuade you to take a long bus trip.
C. To explain how bus trips and television shows differ.
D. To describe the billboards along the road.
3. The writer of this passage would probably be in favor of__________.
A. bus drivers who weren't reckless
B. driving alone
C. a television set on the bus
D. no billboards along the road
4. The writer feels long bus rides are like TV shows because__________.
A. the commercials both on TV shows and on billboards along the road are fun
B. they both have a beginning, a middle, and an end, with commercials in every three or four minutes
C. the drivers are always reckless on TV shows just as they are on buses
D. both traveling and watching TV are not exciting
5. The writer thinks that the end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning because both are__________.
Questions 6 to l0 are based on the following passage :
It was not much fun to travel on one of the old sailing ships. Life was hard for both passengers and crew. (78)17th century sailing ships were small and roiled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick.
There were no toilets, and the spaces below deck where passengers had to stay during gales were often not more than 5 foot high. Water was scarce and the little water they got was brown and smelt terrible.
Food was a problem, too--there was only salted meat, ship's biscuits and cheese, but the cheese was so hard that sailors often made buttons out of it for their jackets and trousers. There were no vegetables or fruit, so the people on board often fell ill.
The sailors, however, were a bit better off than the passengers. They each had a bottle of beer a day, and they needed. The work they had to do was hard and dangerous. (79)Courage was nee-ded, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sail-ors were swept overboard in a gale. Almost the worst thing about the voyages was the time they took up to 70 days for the journey across the Atlantic. Not surprisingly,, everybody was overjoyed when they at last approached land and stepped ashore. But some ships never arrived.
6. In the 17th century__________.
A. life on old sailing ships was enjoyable
B. people enjoyed sailing old ships in rough seas
C. most of the passengers felt comfortable when the ship was rolling
D. it was very painful for both passengers and crew during the voyage
7. The passengers__________when the ship was heavily rolling.
A. slept well
B. could drink a lot of water
C. had to stay below deck
D. had a big room of more than 5 foot high
8. Which of the following statements is true about food?
A. Passengers had a lot of vegetables, but no fruit.
B. The sailors had four tins of beer a day.
C. The people on the ship often fell ill because of the lack of food.
D. The food for the passengers was more and better than that for the crew.
9. The working condition of the sailors was very hard.__________.
A. They often had to set the sails in bad weather.
B. So they had less courage.
C. They were happy to be swept overboard in a strong wind.
D. A 70-day-journey across the Atlantic was their happiest thing.
10. When the people saw the land,__________.
A. only passengers were glad
B. the sailors had to swim ashore
C. they were surprised at the news that some ships never arrived
D. all of them were excited
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. There are almost 2,000 of them, as compared with 180 in Japan, 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. The quality of some American papers is extremely high and their views are quoted all over the world. Distinguished dai-lies like the Washington Post or the New York Times have a powerful influence all over the country.
However, the Post and the Times are not national newspapers in the sense that The Times is in Britain or LeMonde is in France, since each American city has its own daily newspaper. The best of these present detailed accounts of national and international news, but many tend to limit them-selves to state or cite news.
Like the press in most other countries, American newspapers range from the "sensational",which feature crime, sex and rumor, to the serious, which focus on factual news and the analysis of world events. But with few exceptions American newspapers try to entertain as well as give in-formation, for they have to compete with television.
Just as American newspapers give way to all tastes, so do they also try and apply to readers for all political persuasions. (80) A few newspapers support extremist gr_roups on the far right and on the far left, but most daily news papers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate. Many of these papers print columns by well-known journalists of different po-litical and social views, in order to present a balanced picture.
As in other democratic countries American newspapers can be either responsible or irresponsi- ble, but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once bravely uncovered political scandals (丑闻) or crimes, for instance, the Watergate Af- fair. The newspapers drew the attention of the public to the fears of the Vietnam War.
11. There are fewer national newspapers in __________.
A. Britain than in the USA
B. France than in Britain
C. the USA than in Britain or France
D. France than in the USA or Britain
12. Most American newspapers try to entertain their readers because__________.
A. they have to keep up a good relation with them
B. they have to compete with television
C. they have to write about crime, sex and rumor
D. they have to give factual news in an interesting way
13. Many American newspapers attract readers of different political tendency by__________.
A. supporting extremist groups from time to time
B. inviting middle-of-the-road Americans to write articles for them
C. avoiding carrying articles about extremists
D. printing articles representing different political viewpoints
14. In this passage, the word "press" (Para. 2) means__________.
A. a machine for printing
B. the business of printing
C. great force
15. The passage is mainly about__________.
A. the characteristics of American newspapers
B. thc development of American newspapers
C. the functions of American newspapers
D. the merits and shortcomings of American newspapers